Health and Human Security
Human Security is a general term which includes the public protection by seeing that the humans are not exposed to any hazard or threat. Human security keeps in check of the two most crucial aspects of human life – ‘Freedom from want’ and ‘Freedom from fear’.
It considers the security and well-being of people that come into the defined territory. Masses of states are always prone to the after-effects of military conflicts, re-occurring disasters, and unplanned emergencies. These deteriorating factors negatively influence the health achievements of the public.
Thus, the security considerations of human security are more concentrated to individuals rather than a state. And it makes sure that the people are free of hunger, illness, violence and war.
The framework of human security can be drawn taking into account of the related political and economic aspects that also include democracy and wealth. Keeping this agenda in mind, the probable intimidation to human security are categorized into seven groups:
• Economic Security
• Food Security
• Health Security
• Personal Security
• Environmental Security
• Community Security
• Political Security
RELATION BETWEEN HEALTH AND HUMAN SECURITY
During the 1990s and early 2000s, conceptions of security have been progressively associated with the health. Whereas, going back to the time before this, one may find that health was not taken into account as a national security agenda of states. The threats that were outside the military violence from another state were not considered as a security issue.
This state-centric violence paradigm did not include public health problems such as epidemics and its other aftermaths. That left us unanswered to the complex questions about the imposed threat to human security relevant to health.
But continuous efforts of connecting public health and security gave rise to various security related issues that ranged from terrorism to environmental degradation. The main breakthrough was introduced by United Nations Development program that confronted the old-style dominance of national security. It laid the importance of the mutual relationship between health and human security.
A report from United Nations Commission on Human Security in 2003 outlines the three essential freedoms necessary for the people-centered security:
• Freedom from fear
• Freedom from want
• Freedom to live in dignity
IMPORTANCE OF INTERCONNECTION BETWEEN HEALTH AND HUMAN SECURITY
Considering the current scenario all across the globe, an evolving interconnection between health and human security can be observed, and this is also important because:
• Protecting and empowering the population is vital to accomplish and preserve their utmost level of health and well-being.
• The security of a community or state is undermined directly or indirectly if its individuals have poor health.
• Not only for health, but human security is also desirable for peace, growth and sustainability of a territory.
• To meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), human security considering public health makes significant contributions.
With the increasing threats to security and health, urgent approach to human security has become the need. Human Security concept can be made more progressive only with the appropriate integration of health and human security.
New strategies for meeting the goals of health and security can be identified only by the individual and collective actions toward a human security approach.